View Full Version : Hannya Shingyo Sutra

22 October 2017, 08:30 AM

I attended a ZEN workshop on ‚Hannya Shingyo‘ (heart) sutra.
It was said that it was composed in Sanskrit and translated into Chinese and Japanese. Thus I think it must be Hindu origin, bacause, as far as I know, Buddha spoke Pali, not Sanskrit.

How is this sutra called in Hinduism?


markandeya 108 dasa
22 October 2017, 01:34 PM
Namaste India Lover

Heart sutra in sanskrit is Prajñāpāramitāhṛdaya

Basic translation

Prajñā~ Wisdom, although it has a much wider meaning, directly related to jnana or that which knows

pāramitā~ perfection

hṛdaya~ heart. consciousness, the center of being

Siddharta did not speak Pali, the Theravadin Cannons were recorded in Pali approx 100-300 years after. Siddharta would have spoken local dialect of the time.

Later mahayana texts were formally written and recorded in sanskrit due to its more perfected grammar. The Chinese would often come to India and record and then translate dharma shastra back into classical Chinese characters.

23 October 2017, 09:26 AM
Thank you so much, markandeya 108 dasa

Now I learned about the interesting history. May be some forum members like to read about it too.

On https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQqQRuEjB9Y