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    visarga and other ideas...

    hariḥ oṁ

    I wrote this in another post¹,

    Also – what then is this ḥ ? It is called visarga¹ (ḥ) or visarjanīya. In saṃskṛt it is written as a colon or : This is not the same 'h' that is written like this or ha.
    Maybe a bit more time on this visarga¹ (ḥ) would be of value.

    Within (non dual) kaśmir śaivism each akṣara (sound form) plays an important part as the expansion of śiva and śakti into all forms.
    There are several scriptures one can read to get a better understanding of this. I will add these in the reference section below.

    We are told by kṣemarāja within his commentary called called śivasūtravimarśinī¹ ( 2nd chapter), that this sound form visarga¹ (ḥ) or visarjanīya takes on 3 forms within kaśmir śaivism. Due to tṛka ( trika) view of Reality the 3 fall in line with para , parāpara and apara forms. That is supreme, mixed, and lower in rank, some say inferior , respectively. This visarga is viewed as 3 kinds.
    • ā – para visarga or the supreme energy (śakti properly spelled as śaktiḥ¹ ) of creation pertaining to śiva – this in kaśmir śaivism is also called ānanada śakti
    • ḥ - parāpara visarga or the medium śaktiḥ of creation pertaining to śiva
    • ha – apara visarga is the lower level of śaktiḥ of creation and is aligned to the individual
    This ā is formed by a+a = ā. It is the 2nd sound form within saṃskṛtam’s devanāgarī script or phonemes. This ‘a’ is considered anuttara or supreme and represents śiva. Who then represents ā ? None other then śaktiḥ, the energy-side of śiva or the expanision of śiva.

    or parāpara visarga is depected as the : symbol in saṃskṛt. The two dots (bindu) are considered śivaḥ & śaktiḥ. This bindu (dot, drop) also written as vindu (knowing) are tightly coupled.
    This bindu is another name for anusvāra, or the the dot over a letter; it looks like this ṁ. In fact the term anusvāra = anu+ svāra
    • anu = au = fine, minute, ~ dot~.
    • svāra = sound ; svara = vowel.
    So this anusvāra is the sound that comes after the vowel (represented by a ~fine~ dot) . So, aṁ or अं. If you recall the notion of visarga is depicted as the : symbol in saṃskṛt, when we see it used as anusvāra (aṁ or अं). It tells us no matter how diverse the universe is, the highest is the knower (vindu). And it directly infers that it is śivaḥ
    because all vowels are ‘owned’ by śivaḥ , and He is none other then anuttara , the highest vowel ‘a’, from which all other sounds arise from. Said another way, there is unity in the midst of diversity. We may see differences, but there is no separation; there is the undelying unity of all things and this is Being.

    But what of this final ha or ? It is aligned to the individual . But where is this alignment ? It is in one’s breath. Each inward breath comes with this sound of ‘ha’. If one takes the time to quietly listen, we will find this ‘ha’ in each inward stroke of the breath.

    Now what is quite interesting to me is the following. Kṣemarāja-ji informs us that this ‘ha’ is part of a group called ūṣmā. This term ūṣmā = ūman = heat, glow. This group are the sibilants or s, ś and ṣ. The ūṣmā group are then s, ś , ṣ , ha , written like this - sa, śa , ṣa , ha.
    So, what is the significance of this ūṣmā group ? We can take a look in the next post.

    iti śivaṁ
    • From this post:
    • by kṣemarāja and is called śivasūtravimarśinī. This says the examination, knowledge discussion (vimarśa) of the śiva sutra-s.
    • śaktiḥ is in its nominative singular grammatical format.
    • prātipadika the crude form or base of a noun , a noun in its uninflected state.
    • vocative case - A vocative expression is an expression of direct address, wherein the identity of the person being spoken to is set forth expressly within a sentence i.e. directly accessing
    • Rules - all this is outlined in pāniṇi-ji's work called aṣṭādhyāyī, meaning 'eight chapters' ; He laid down about 3,900 rules for all of classical ( vs. vedic) saṃskṛt grammar.
    • anusvāra - the ~after-sound~ ; the nasal sound which is marked by a dot above the line , and which always belongs to a preceding vowel one last idea for consideration…
    • References:
      • One book I use is calledDimensions of Pāniṇi Grammar - The Indian Grammatical System by Kapil Kapoor, ISBN 81-246-0331-6
      • śivasūtravimarśinī by svāmī lakṣman-jū
      • the mālinīvijayottaratantra - its focus is that of tattvajaya ( the ~conquest~ of reality)
    Last edited by yajvan; 10 November 2014 at 09:57 AM.
    यतस्त्वं शिवसमोऽसि
    yatastvaṁ śivasamo'si
    because you are identical with śiva


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