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Thread: Durga mantra pronounciation

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    Durga mantra pronounciation

    Hello, I have a doubt a little detail in pronounciation of Durga mantra.
    Is it " om dum durgayei namaha" or "om dum durgaye namaha"?

    Thanks.

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    Re: Durga mantra pronounciation

    Quote Originally Posted by Ale View Post
    Hello, I have a doubt a little detail in pronounciation of Durga mantra.
    Is it " om dum durgayei namaha" or "om dum durgaye namaha"?

    Thanks.
    Namaste...

    I'm going to say it's neither. The inflection for the feminine singular dative case ("to" or "for") for a-stem nouns is -āyai, the 'ai' pronounced eye or I.

    So I'm going to say it's Durgāyai. I think 'dum' is pronounced doom. Then it would be om doom durgāyai namaḥ. However, if dum is a bija, a seed syllable, unless initiated I personally would not use it. I'd use
    om srī durgāyai namaḥ

    For names like Lakshmī and Saraswatī ending in long i, we have Lakshmyāi and Saraswatyāi.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit_grammar#a-stems
    http://sanskrit.inria.fr/cgi-bin/SKT...=Fem&font=roma
    http://sanskrit.inria.fr/cgi-bin/SKT...=Fem&font=roma I don't know why there are two forms of the dative (to/for), ablative (from/away), genitive (of) and locative (near, location). It's not Vedic Sanskrit afaik. I'll bet Yajvan knows.

    I hope that helped and didn't confuse you beyond all hope.

    śivasya hridayam viṣṇur viṣṇoscha hridayam śivaḥ

  3. #3

    Re: Durga mantra pronounciation

    Hello Jaynarayan, thanks. Yes I'm a bit confused too. Maybe the ones containing beej syllabe (in this case dum/doom) belong to agamic/tantric tradition. The same pattern repeats with Ganesha mantra:

    Tantric: om gam ganapataye namaha.
    Vedic: om sri ganeshaya namaha.

    It seems in vedic sanscrit, the beej syllabe is replaced by "sri" and the "ye" is changed to "ya".
    I'm interested in using the one containing beej syllabe, as it is said that beej posesses a lot of condensed power in it. I've also read that beej syllabes (like: joom, hroum, kleem, hreem, gam, doom, etc) end in anusvara pronunciation. So the final "M" shouldn't be pronouned by closing the mouth but pressing the tounge against the posterior part of the palate in order to close the throat cavity and get a more nasal sound. I'd like if yajvan or someone who understands about this can clarify.

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    Re: Durga mantra pronounciation

    Namaste...

    Quote Originally Posted by Ale View Post

    Tantric: om gam ganapataye namaha.
    Vedic: om sri ganeshaya namaha.

    It seems in vedic sanscrit, the beej syllabe is replaced by "sri" and the "ye" is changed to "ya".
    No, that's an effect of Sanskrit inflection. Masculine singular nouns ending in -a (short a) take āya in the dative case... Krishnāya, Rāmāya, Shivāya, Ganeshāya,Indrāya.Masculine singular nouns ending in -i (short i) take in the dative case.

    Sri is an honorific. The mantras could easily be om ganeshāya namo namaha, om ganeshāya namaha (without the sri honorific) and/or om sri ganapataye namaha.

    Unfortunately I don't know how to inflect 'Hanuman', 'Bhagavan', 'Brahman' or other -n stem nouns. Someone else here will know that.

    I personally would not use a beej syllable unless instructed or initiated by a guru.
    śivasya hridayam viṣṇur viṣṇoscha hridayam śivaḥ

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