Ekam Sat ~ Truth is One
Tat Sat ~ That is Truth
Tat Tvam Asi ~ Thou art That
Nivrtti-Marga asserts that true Self-Knowledge (Atma-J˝ana) can not be the effect of any pious Karma (Action), but is attainable through removing all Karma, and its effects, through the experience of the Šternally actionless, changeless, relationless, sorrowless, blissful nature of the Self.
The J˝ani (Philosopher) emphasizes metaphysical reflexion and intellectual refinement, whereas the Yogi (Saint) places great importance in the practical discipline of the body, senses, vital system, and mind, and the regular practice of Dhyana.
For Yoga, the body and mind have to be disciplined and purified and illumined in a systematic way so that the ultimate transcendent nature of the Self may be revealed to the tranquil consciousness.
The joy of the soul in liberation, however, can only be known by experience, and is beyond words; and most advocates of Yoga retire from society.
The Upanishads are substantially a record of the J˝ana-Kanda.
The inactive Atharvan Brahman creates through Tapas, a self-generated Fire of Life that is wielded internally rather than in the external actions of Yaj˝a and the Soma-oblation.
The inner spiritual effort of Tapasya is the creative Power (Shakti) of Brahman, and it is the Heat that burns away Karma.
The negation of actions in renunciation and self-limitation was recognized as a powerful method for attaining Atma-J˝ana and Moksha, which the Yogi considers as available to all men ~ even within this life-time.
The method of this Yoga was simply explained:
In a quiet, sheltered place, level and clean, beautiful, and with the sounds of water; with upright body, neck, and head; remain in silent steadiness and breathe through the nostrils in a peaceful rhythm; lead the mind into the heart and still the senses.
In silent adoration, meditate on the Pranava ~ Omkara ~ AUM.
Unite in an harmony of peace, purity, love, and joy, the supreme consciousness that illuminates the transcendent and immanent Spirit, whose existence must be known in the silence of contemplation and faith.
There are two ways of meditation: in sound, and in silence.
The end of AUM is silence.
Supremely radiant, yet invisible, it is infinite and Šternal, dwelling in the secret place of the heart, all that is (was and will be) and all that is not, the One, the All, the Universe throughout and beyond time, the beginning, the end, and the life of all creation, the creative power itself, the universal Mind, ultimate Truth and Wisdom, existence, non-existence, and all Joy.
Beyond thought, this supreme unity admits of no duality, and is above distinction.
Beyond words, the joy of the Soul in liberation can only be known by experience.
When the Spirit feels ĹI am Allĺ, desires, sorrow, and fear, disappear.
Know that this pure light is the Self.
In union with this Self of All, one knows God, and becomes God.
There are not many, but only One.
That is Reality ~ That is Truth ~ Thou art That.
The ritual of self-control in meditation leads to peace, and the truth of its wisdom engenders humanity.
With J˝ana, the Truth is revealed.
Sometimes we may laugh, or sometimes we may cry; it is all the same, except that laughing makes the body feel better than crying does.