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Thread: Tithi

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    Tithi

    Hari Om
    ~~~~~
    Namaste,
    In the last several posts I have offered some of the components of panchang or panch 5, + anga, or limbs ; the 5 limbs or components of the day. When one understands the panchang of the day, the native can look at the influences that come from the grahas and their combinations and see what is favorable or unfavorable.

    A few recent posts we listed out some of the pachang components:
    • dina - or the day of the week. Which graha, owns the day (solar day) and a few qulaities
    • nakshatras - all 27 nakshatra's have been listed out in a post
    • Nitya Yoga - we listed out 27 yogas that are formed each day and hence at ones birth
    • karana or the The half day - nothing posted on this as yet.
    • Tithi or lunar lunar day. This will be pursued in this in this post. … many people talk of them, but not much is known about their groups.
    Today's tithi as I type is Krishna Ekadasi, the 11th tithi, and this forms a siddha yoga (a yoga for success in actions). I will explain this siddha yoga in a second as it helps people with the section of actions.


    Tithi¹ ( तिथि) is a lunar day ; there are 15 in the bright half of the month (sukla) and 15 in the dark half ( krishna) i.e.
    • Shukla Paksha- the bright half of the month; from the New Moon to the full Moon. 15 tithis belong this cycle
    • Krishna Paksha- the dark half of the month; from the full Moon to the New Moon. 15 tithis belong to this cycle.
    What is so interesting about this? There are 5 groupings of the tithis. Here's their names and qualities:
    nandA - delight , felicity ; prosperity , happiness
    bhadra - blessed , auspicious , fortunate , prosperous , happy ; good , gracious , friendly , kind
    jaya -conquering , winning ; conquest , victory , triumph , winning , being victorious
    rikta - hollow , hollowed ; poor , indigent ;emptied , empty , void
    pUrNa is then filled , full , filled with or full ;fulfilled , finished, accomplished ;complete , all , entire.
    pUrNA - we know as the 15th tithi, and pU is to make clean or clear or pure or bright , cleanse , purify , purge , clarify

    The Groups


    The nandA group: the 1st, 6th and 11th tithi
    The bhadra group: 2nd, 7th and 12th tithi
    The jaya group: 3rd, 8th and 13th tithi
    The rikta group: the 4th, 9th and 14th tithi
    The pUrNa group: the 5th, 10th and 15th tithi

    Here is where a siddha yoga is formed:

    • When one from the nanda group occurs on a Friday (like today of this posting) a siddha yoga is formed;
    • The bhadra group: on a Wednesday
    • The jaya group: on a Tuesday
    • The rikta group: on a Saturday
    • The pUrNa group: on a Thursday
    Who owns these days and groups then?


    • The nandA group: Friday and therefore Venus
    • The bhadra group: Wednesday and therefore Mercury
    • The jaya group: Tuesday and therefore Mars
    • The rikta group: Saturday and therefore Saturn
    • The pUrNa group: Thursday and therefore Jupiter.

    If one knows what action is going to be done from a planning perspective, one can look to the day and align a tithi to receive the maximum help from the grahas. If you refer back to the post on http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=2606 , it will help you with the quality of the day; then getting help from the yoga formed by the sun+moon ( the tithi) this helps the individual with the action that is to considered. A Conquest ( jaya tithis on Tuesday gains the support of Mars) , meeting a wise person and perhaps the guru (pUrNa tithis and on Thursdays), like that one can consider these selections for actions; Jobs, interviews, learning, travel, relationship building (Fridays), etc.

    More if there is interest.

    pranams


    1. Tithi by lunar day, the name of the tithi and the devata
    Day___ Tithi___ Devata
    1 Pratipada______ Agni
    2 Dwitiya________ Brahma
    3 Tritiya _________Gauri Shiva's consort
    4 Chaturthii ______Ganapati
    5 Panchami ______Laxmi also Naga is recognized
    6 Shashti ________Kartika
    7 Saptami _______Surya
    8 Ashtami _______ Shiva
    9 Navami ________Durga
    10 Dashami ______Yama raj
    11 Ekadashi _____ Vishwedeva
    12 Dwadashi _____Vishnu
    13 Trayodashi ____Kamdeva
    14 Chaturdashi ___Shiva/ Rudra
    15 Purnima ______ Soma (Full moon)
    30 Amavasya ____ Pitris some call Manes (New moon)

    Amavasya is the new moon
    Last edited by yajvan; 23 March 2008 at 10:45 AM. Reason: spelling
    यतस्त्वं शिवसमोऽसि
    yatastvaṁ śivasamo'si
    because you are identical with śiva

    _

  2. #2
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    Re: Tithi + Pachang

    Hari Om
    ~~~~~
    Quote Originally Posted by yajvan View Post
    A few recent posts we listed out some of the pachang components:
    • dina - or the day of the week. Which graha, owns the day (solar day) and a few qualities
    • nakshatras - all 27 nakshatra's have been listed out in a post
    • Nitya Yoga - we listed out 27 yogas that are foled each day and hence at ones birth
    • karana or the The half day - nothing posted on this as yet.
    • Tithi or lunar lunar day. This will be pursued in this in this post. … many people talk of them, but not much is known about their groups.
    Today's tithi as I type is Krishna Ekadasi, the 11th tithi, and this forms a siddha yoga (a yoga for success in actions). I will explain this siddha yoga in a second as it helps people with the section of actions.


    Tithi¹ ( तिथि) is a lunar day ; there are 15 in the bright half of the month (sukla) and 15 in the dark half ( krishna).
    Namaste
    the above post offered one part of pachang - tithi. Other posts¹ also give the components of the pachang for one's consideration.

    Yet a basic question, what are the rules or priorities for picking a good day?
    • First let me mention one avoids both solar and lunar eclipses as at that time rahu or ketu is at hand. Yet for sadhana, this is a good day for the 'inward stoke' as they say.
    • A Total Lunar Eclipse happens this month ~ 20 Feb 2008. See NASA for this and others : http://sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse/OH/OH2008.html. To see the path of visibility ( all of India, and the West) please consider http://sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclips...2008Feb21T.GIF
    • A partial Solar eclipse happens the 7th of Feb. A total Solar eclipse happens the 1st of August, 2008.
    • That said, Jyotish wisdom suggests that the nakshatra the lunar eclipses appears in, for the 20 Feb, 10 PM (+/-) USA, Eastern Std. time, it is Magha, the nakshatra in Leo. It is considered a 'spoiled' nakshatra for auspiciousness for 6 months.
    So with eclipses out of the way, how does one pick a good day for an event?
    • Choose the day of the week and the influence of the graha, yet;
    • The tithi will have more influence, and will supersede the day of the week, yet;
    • Nakshatra overrules the tithi , yet;
    • Having Jupiter ( Guru) and/or Venus ( Sukracharaya) in and angle or trine ( kendra or trikona) brings auspiciousness.
    • But how does one know if Jupiter is in a kendra or trikona ? It is based upon the Lagna at the time of the event - Hence Lagna is of Key Import for selecting a excellent muhurta².
    This leads one to say how is it possible to get ALL these timings to line up? It is rare when all come together at once. So the wise native then chooses a time that collects as many good qualities, positions and timings as possible to give a most favorable outcome as possible.

    What else can one do? Pick days with favorable yogas i.e. the combination of the sun + moon angles to each other , such as a ravi yoga¹, a siddha yoga, amrita yoga, and sarvartha siddhi yoga.

    More as usual if there is interest.

    pranams

    1. Additional components of the day:
    Yogas at birth: http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=2568
    Days of the week : http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=2606
    Ravi Yogas : http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=1858
    Nakshatras: http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=1858
    Nakshatras more: http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=1763

    2. Muhurta conversation: http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/sho...hlight=muhurta
    Last edited by yajvan; 02 February 2008 at 10:36 PM.
    यतस्त्वं शिवसमोऽसि
    yatastvaṁ śivasamo'si
    because you are identical with śiva

    _

  3. #3
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    Re: Tithi

    Hari Om
    ~~~~~

    Namaste

    I thought to extend this post regarding tithi's… The posts above gives the reader a good baseline on tithi qualities and needs to be reviewed to bring out the most value for this post.

    Lets look at the nature of each tithi just in a word or two, I think you will get an idea of the tithi-s influence for the day. Combine it with the post above and one can see the strength of the tithi - by sukla or krishna ( bright or white, and dark) parts of the month.
    We will look to the tithi's prada प्रद - the giving , yielding , offering , granting , bestowing , causing , effecting , uttering, influence.


    Tithi by lunar day, the name of the tithi and the devata
    Day___ Tithi_____ Devata________prada
    1___ Pratipada______ Agni___ ___ vriddhi - giving rise or increase
    2 ___Dwitiya_______ Brahma_____ mangala - auspiciousness
    3___ Tritiya ________Gauri ______ bala - strength, power giving
    4 ___Chaturthii _____Ganapati____ khala - some mischievous, or contect, or battle
    5___ Panchami ___ __Naga ______ lakshmi - wealth, favor, abundence, beauty , loveliness , grace , charm , splendour;punya
    6 ___Shashti _______Kartika_____ yasha - giving fame
    7___ Saptami ______Surya ______ mitra - friendly
    8 ___Ashtami ___ __ Shiva ______ dvandva ( dwandwa) - giving conflict
    9 ___Navami ____ __Durga ____ _ ugra - agressive
    10 __Dashami _____Yama raj ____ saumya - placid , gentle , mild , some say in a word sober
    11__ Ekadashi _____ Vishwedeva __ ananda - giving enjoyments, happiness , joy , enjoyment
    12__ Dwadashi _____Vishnu ______ yasha - giving fame, good qualities
    13__ Trayodashi ____Kamdeva ____ jaya - victory in pursuits
    14__ Chaturdashi ___Shiva/ Rudra _ urga - agressive
    15__ Purnima _____ Soma _______ saumya -placid , gentle , mild , some say in a word sober
    30__ Amavasya ____ Pitris some call Manes and deals with ancestors (Amavasya is the new moon)


    pranams

    posted on Sukla Navami tithi ( 9th tithi , bright half of the month); Chandra is on the 1st pada of Hasta Nakshatra. Why did I post this today? Sun + moon forms a ravi yoga and removes any blemishes or inauspiciousness.
    Last edited by yajvan; 12 June 2008 at 03:24 PM. Reason: added 'parts of the month' to the text
    यतस्त्वं शिवसमोऽसि
    yatastvaṁ śivasamo'si
    because you are identical with śiva

    _

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