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Thread: Translations of mantras

  1. #1
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    Translations of mantras

    Namaste all,

    I've come across a few mantras, but they are in Sanskrit, I presume. I am wondering what they translate to, and what the pronunciations are. No indication is given. It's hard enough to be learning to pronounce properly when the right (i.e. closest) transliteration is given. But when there's no indication of pronunciation, you could probably wind up with a completely different meaning.

    Here they are:

    SADAH BHAVANI DAHINE
    SAMUKU RET GANESH
    PANCH DEV RAKSHA KARE
    BRAHMA VISHNU MAHESH

    ~~~

    TUMEVE MATA CHE PITA TUMEVE
    TUMEVE BANDHU CHE SAKA TUMEVEH
    TUMEVE VIDDHYA DEVANAM TUMEVE
    TUMEVE SARVAM MAM DEV DEVAH
    TRAHE MAN TRAHE MAN TRAHE MAN

    ~~~

    Asato Ma Sat Gamaya
    Tamaso Ma Jyotir Gamaya
    Mrityor Mamritam Gamaya
    (I know that is the Lead me from ignorance to truth mantra, but Im not sure of the pronunciation).

    Om Purnamadah Purnamidam
    Purnat Purnamudachyate
    Purnasya Purnamadaya
    Purnameva Vashishyate

    ~~~

    OM GAJANANAN BHUT GANADI SEVATAN
    KAPITTHI JAMBU FAL CHARU BHAKSHANAM
    UMASUTAM SHOK VINASHAKARAKAN
    NAMAMI VIDNESHWAR PAD PANKAJAM

    SHUKLAMBAR DHARANDEVAN
    SASHIVARNE CHATURBHUJAM
    PRASHANNDANAN DYAYET
    SARVAVIDNO PASHANTAYE
    śivasya hridayam viṣṇur viṣṇoscha hridayam śivaḥ

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    Re: Translations of mantras

    Namaste TBTL,

    I'm afraid I don't know all the mantras you've posted, but I have come across a few.

    TUMEVE MATA CHE PITA TUMEVE
    TUMEVE BANDHU CHE SAKA TUMEVEH
    TUMEVE VIDDHYA DEVANAM TUMEVE
    TUMEVE SARVAM MAM DEV DEVAH
    TRAHE MAN TRAHE MAN TRAHE MAN

    I'm familiar with this one, except I've always read it in a slightly different transliteration. I think there are slight variances as well on the words, some mantras substituting different virtues to the Godhead.

    Tvameva Mata cha Pita Tvameva
    Tvameva Bandhu cha sakha Tvameva
    Tvameva Vidya Devanam Tvameva
    Tvameva Sarvam mam Deva Deva

    You alone are my Mother, You alone are my Father*
    You alone are my Kinsman, You alone are my dearest Friend
    You alone are Wisdom, You alone are God
    You alone are All-in-All, God of Gods

    You can find several versions of this mantra recited on youtube. Here's one of many examples with a very clear pronunciation. It's harder to find clips of this mantra where Devanam isn't substituted with Dravinam (strength).

    (*Interesting note: One source I read before explains that God as Mother is addressed before God as Father, as per the Indian tradition of bowing in respect to one's mother before one's father.)

    There are also several examples of the Asato Ma Sadgamaya mantra. The one I've listened to the most, is this one. It's slow and not too difficult to hear the syllables being recited.

    OM GAJANANAN BHUT GANADI SEVATAN
    KAPITTHI JAMBU FAL CHARU BHAKSHANAM
    UMASUTAM SHOK VINASHAKARAKAN
    NAMAMI VIDNESHWAR PAD PANKAJAM

    This is a well-known mantra of Sri Ganesha's.

    (Om Parvati Pataye
    Hara Hara Hara Mahadev)
    Gajananam Bhuta Ganadi sevatam
    Kapitha jambhu phalacharu bhakshanam
    Umasutam shoka vinasha karakam
    Namami Vighneshwara pada pankajam

    (Om Son of Mother Parvati
    Hara* Hara* Hara* Mahadev*)
    Elephant-Faced One, Who is served by the attendants of Shiva (i.e. the ganas)
    Who enjoys eating wood-apples and blackberries
    Son of Mother Uma, He is the destroyer of sorrows
    I bow to the lotus feet of the Lord of Obstacles

    (*These are epithets and invocations of Shiva.)

    You can hear it pronounced here or here. The latter clip has a certain beat that makes it easier to memorise the mantra.

    SHUKLAMBAR DHARANDEVAN
    SASHIVARNE CHATURBHUJAM
    PRASHANNDANAN DYAYET
    SARVAVIDNO PASHANTAYE

    (Om) Shukambaradharam Vishnum
    Shashirvarnam chaturbhujam
    Prasannavadanam dhyayet
    Sarva vighnopashantaye

    (Om) [He] who is garbed in white and is All-Pervading
    With a moon-like complexion and four arms
    Upon that ever-smiling and pleasing face do we meditate
    And ask that He remove all obstacles

    This one isn't as easy to locate on youtube. But here's one example that you could learn pronunciation from. I know my answers are very crude, but I have a hard enough time trying to identify what sounds like Sanskrit, and what might actually be Hindi or Tamil. I'm going to seriously have to start learning a modern Indian language to make sure I can differentiate between at least two Indian languages. It would make it a lot easier. Lucky for us both, we're linguaphiles and we have our esteemed friend Yajvan to clear terms up for us!

    Om namah Shivaya
    "Watch your thoughts, they become words.
    Watch your words, they become actions.
    Watch your actions, they become habits.
    Watch your habits, they become your character.
    Watch your character, it becomes your destiny."

    ॐ गं गणपतये नमः
    Om Gam Ganapataye namah

    लोकाः समस्ताः सुखिनो भवन्तु ।
    Lokaah SamastaaH Sukhino Bhavantu

  3. #3
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    Re: Translations of mantras

    Namaste sunyata, and thank you.

    Quote Originally Posted by sunyata07 View Post
    Namaste TBTL,

    I'm familiar with this one, except I've always read it in a slightly different transliteration. I think there are slight variances as well on the words, some mantras substituting different virtues to the Godhead.

    Tvameva Mata cha Pita Tvameva
    Tvameva Bandhu cha sakha Tvameva
    Tvameva Vidya Devanam Tvameva
    Tvameva Sarvam mam Deva Deva

    You alone are my Mother, You alone are my Father*
    You alone are my Kinsman, You alone are my dearest Friend
    You alone are Wisdom, You alone are God
    You alone are All-in-All, God of Gods
    Ah! I already use that but in English. I say it every day. In fact I have it framed with a small picture of Sri Radha-Krishna.

    OM GAJANANAN BHUT GANADI SEVATAN
    KAPITTHI JAMBU FAL CHARU BHAKSHANAM
    UMASUTAM SHOK VINASHAKARAKAN
    NAMAMI VIDNESHWAR PAD PANKAJAM

    This is a well-known mantra of Sri Ganesha's.

    (Om Parvati Pataye
    Hara Hara Hara Mahadev)
    Gajananam Bhuta Ganadi sevatam
    Kapitha jambhu phalacharu bhakshanam
    Umasutam shoka vinasha karakam
    Namami Vighneshwara pada pankajam

    (Om Son of Mother Parvati
    Hara* Hara* Hara* Mahadev*)
    Elephant-Faced One, Who is served by the attendants of Shiva (i.e. the ganas)
    Who enjoys eating wood-apples and blackberries
    Son of Mother Uma, He is the destroyer of sorrows
    I bow to the lotus feet of the Lord of Obstacles

    (*These are epithets and invocations of Shiva.)

    You can hear it pronounced here or here. The latter clip has a certain beat that makes it easier to memorise the mantra.
    I can use the mantra for Ganesha at the beginning of puja with the recitation "So that the ceremonies we are about to undertake proceed to completion without any obstacles we contemplate on Mahaganapati."

    This was great. It's funny that I already use the English versions, so in a way I knew them all along. I'm reluctant to use the Sanskrit unless I know what it means. Now I know.
    śivasya hridayam viṣṇur viṣṇoscha hridayam śivaḥ

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    Re: Translations of mantras

    Pranam

    I can confirm the first one sounds like it is in Gujarati
    i try an attempt the translation but don't take my words for it as some of the words i am having to guess the highlighted ones.

    SADAH BHAVANI DAHINE
    SAMUKU RET GANESH
    PANCH DEV RAKSHA KARE
    BRAHMA VISHNU MAHESH

    always bhavani the benevolent one
    together or near, resides Ganesh
    5 devas protects
    Brahma Vishnu Mahesh

    this my crude attempt to translate

    The other mantras are in Sanskrit ved mantra

    Jai Shree Krishna
    Rig Veda list only 33 devas, they are all propitiated, worthy off our worship, all other names of gods are derivative from this 33 originals,
    Bhagvat Gita; Shree Krishna says Chapter 3.11 devan bhavayatanena te deva bhavayantu vah parasparam bhavayantah sreyah param avapsyatha Chapter 17.4 yajante sattvika devan yaksa-raksamsi rajasah pretan bhuta-ganams canye yajante tamasa janah
    The world disappears in him. He is the peaceful, the good, the one without a second.

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    Re: Translations of mantras

    hariḥ oṁ
    ~~~~~~


    namast

    Quote Originally Posted by sunyata07 View Post
    (Om) Shukambaradharam Vishnum
    Shashirvarnam chaturbhujam
    Prasannavadanam dhyayet
    Sarva vighnopashantaye
    If one wished some additional information on this mantra, this HDF post goes a bit deeper: http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=5011

    praṇām
    यतस्त्वं शिवसमोऽसि
    yatastvaṁ śivasamo'si
    because you are identical with śiva

    _

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    Re: Translations of mantras

    Namaste Ganeshprasad and yajvan

    Quote Originally Posted by Ganeshprasad View Post
    Pranam

    I can confirm the first one sounds like it is in Gujarati
    i try an attempt the translation but don't take my words for it as some of the words i am having to guess the highlighted ones.

    SADAH BHAVANI DAHINE
    SAMUKU RET GANESH
    PANCH DEV RAKSHA KARE
    BRAHMA VISHNU MAHESH

    always bhavani the benevolent one
    together or near, resides Ganesh
    5 devas protects
    Brahma Vishnu Mahesh

    this my crude attempt to translate

    The other mantras are in Sanskrit ved mantra

    Jai Shree Krishna
    This one was indicated as a mantra to light incense.

    Quote Originally Posted by yajvan View Post
    hariḥ oṁ
    ~~~~~~

    namast



    If one wished some additional information on this mantra, this HDF post goes a bit deeper: http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/showthread.php?t=5011

    praṇām
    I will check it out.

    Thank you to both of you.

    Edit: I checked out the thread. Very interesting. The mantra I asked about was in a section invoking Ganesha. That seems to support the consensus in that thread.
    śivasya hridayam viṣṇur viṣṇoscha hridayam śivaḥ

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    Re: Translations of mantras

    namaste everyone.

    When learning mantras and shlokas, Hindus, especially the Westerners, should never be allergic to check with their devanAgarI texts, so as to avoid getting the text and the meaning wrong in transliteration. All it takes to read Sanskrit text is to know the alphabets, so it is an elementary skill that anyone can acquire.

    Here are a few good sources of shlokas and mantras for everyone:
    Bala-Gokulam: Children's Handbook
    http://www.balagokulam.org/teach/bgbook.pdf

    Prayers: VHP America
    http://www.sanskritdocuments.org/doc...al/prayers.pdf

    Hindu Prayer Book
    http://www.lohana.info/Culture%20Cor...PrayerBook.pdf

    The correct text of the original tvameva mAtA verse is as follows:

    त्वमेव माता च पिता त्वमेव
    त्वमेव बन्धुश्च सखा त्वमेव ।
    त्वमेव विद्या द्रविणं त्वमेव
    त्वमेव सर्वं मम देव देव ॥

    tvameva mAtA cha pitA tvameva
    tvameva bandhushcha sakhA tvameva |
    tvameva vidyA draviNaM tvameva
    tvameva sarvaM mama deva deva ||

    This is a shloka addressed to the guru, located in the shrI guru stotram.
    http://www.hindudharmaforums.com/sho...52&postcount=2

    The Sanskrit term eva means 'indeed, truly' and tvam is 'you'. Thus, guru is truly our mAtA--mother, cha pitA--and father, bandhuH cha--relative and sakhA--friend. He is truly our vidyA--knowledge, draviNam--wealth, and he is truly sarvaM--everything, and mama deva deva--our God of gods!

    We identify guru with the people who are our kith and kin first, and then say he is also the essence of our possessions: knowledge and wealth. The term draviNam indicates all forms of movable wealth. And then we conclude, guru is everything, and our God of gods.

    This shloka is typically chanted by students towards their teacher, before a learning session starts. The guru reciprocates such adoration with the following shloka, which the students echo:

    ॐ सह नाववतु । सह नौ भुनक्तु ।
    सह वीर्यं करवावहै ।
    तेजस्विनावधीतमस्तु ।
    मा विद्विषावहै ।
    ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

    oum saha nAvavatu | saha nau bhunaktu |
    saha vIryaM karavAvahai |
    tejasvinAvadhItamastu |
    mA vidviShAvahai |
    oum shAntiH shAntiH shAntiH ||

    saha--both; nau--us; avatu--may he protect; bhunaktu--may he nourish;
    vIryaM karavAvahai--may we acquire the capacity; tejasvi--be brilliant;
    nau--for us; adhItam--what is studied; astu--let it be;
    mA vidviShAvahai--may we not argue with each other.

    May He protect both of us. May He nourish both of us. May we both acquire the capacity (to study and understand the scriptures). May our study be brilliant. May we not argue with each other. AUM peace, peace, peace.

    Such is the mutually-respecting and jointly studying, guru-shiShya relationship for us Hindus; and which is why many portions of texts in our scriptures are in the form of question-and-answer sessions between them.

    For more on the gajAnanam shloka, check this link:
    http://www.indusladies.com/forums/mi...ml#post1829075

    The audio version of the shloka can be heard here:
    http://www.esnips.com/web/saidevosStuff
    Last edited by saidevo; 07 August 2011 at 10:32 PM.
    रत्नाकरधौतपदां हिमालयकिरीटिनीम् ।
    ब्रह्मराजर्षिररत्नाढ्यां वन्दे भारतमातरम् ॥

    To her whose feet are washed by the ocean, who wears the Himalayas as her crown, and is adorned with the gems of rishis and kings, to Mother India, do I bow down in respect.

    --viShNu purANam

  8. #8
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    Re: Translations of mantras

    Namaste saidevo and all,

    Quote Originally Posted by saidevo View Post
    Here are a few good sources of shlokas and mantras for everyone:
    Bala-Gokulam: Children's Handbook
    http://www.balagokulam.org/teach/bgbook.pdf

    Prayers: VHP America
    http://www.sanskritdocuments.org/doc...al/prayers.pdf

    Hindu Prayer Book
    http://www.lohana.info/Culture%20Cor...PrayerBook.pdf
    These are wonderful, just the sort of thing I've been looking for. I'm going to download them. Maybe they can be double side printed and bound in a spiral book.

    Thank you +1,000.
    śivasya hridayam viṣṇur viṣṇoscha hridayam śivaḥ

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    Re: Translations of mantras

    [QUOTE=TouchedbytheLord;70116]Namaste all,

    I've come across a few mantras, but they are in Sanskrit, I presume. I am wondering what they translate to, ......... But when there's no indication of pronunciation, you could probably wind up with a completely different meaning.

    Here they are:

    SADAH BHAVANI DAHINE
    SAMUKU RET GANESH
    PANCH DEV RAKSHA KARE
    BRAHMA VISHNU MAHESH

    ~~~

    Namaste All,

    As mentioned by Ganeshprasadji, its not in Gujarati but its Hindi.
    SADAH BHAVANI DAHINE
    SANMUKH RAHET GANESH
    PANCH DEV RAKSHA KARE
    BRAHMA VISHNU MAHESH

    Meaning as explained with some correction..
    Goddess Bhavani always on the right (Right means Dahine in Hindi)
    In front (Sanmukh means In front) resides Lord Ganesh
    May 5 devas protect
    Brahma Vishnu Mahesh

    Pranam

    Ekoham
    Jo sahaj hai, saral hai, wohi satya hai!

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    Re: Translations of mantras

    Namaste Ekoham, and all...

    Quote Originally Posted by Ekoham View Post
    As mentioned by Ganeshprasadji, its not in Gujarati but its Hindi.
    SADAH BHAVANI DAHINE
    SANMUKH RAHET GANESH
    PANCH DEV RAKSHA KARE
    BRAHMA VISHNU MAHESH

    Meaning as explained with some correction..
    Goddess Bhavani always on the right (Right means Dahine in Hindi)
    In front (Sanmukh means In front) resides Lord Ganesh
    May 5 devas protect
    Brahma Vishnu Mahesh

    Pranam

    Ekoham
    Thank you for that. I have a small murthi on the right side of my altar. It just felt it "right" being there.



    I looked up Bhavani and found that She is the fierce aspect of Maa Parvati. This is what I found:

    Bhavani is a ferocious aspect of the Hindu goddess Parvati. Bhavani means "giver of life", the power of nature or the source of creative energy. In addition to her ferocious aspect, she is also known as Karunaswaroopini, "filled with mercy".
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhavani

    When it mentions further down Her slaying of the demon in buffalo form, I read once that was Maa Durga.

    śivasya hridayam viṣṇur viṣṇoscha hridayam śivaḥ

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